Associazione Nazionale Granatieri di Sardegna
Sito Ufficiale


"Di noi tremò la nostra vecchia gloria. Tre secoli di fede e una vittoria". G. D'Annunzio


The Mechanised Brigade of Sardinian Grenadiers





 



GENERAL

The Mechanised Brigade of Sardinian Grenadiers takes its name from one of the oldest specialities of the Army, Grenadiers. These were present through out many units, however it was in the three Regiment of Grenadiers that they were most famed. Therefore the origins of the present brigade can connected with all Grenadiers but in particular the Brigade of Grenadier Guards. This Brigade was so named on the 20th Jan 1816 and formed around two regiments by a decree of 28th Oct 1831.


CHRONOLOGY

20 Jan 1816. The Regiment of Guards assumes the form of the Brigade of Grenadier Guards.

20 Oct 1831. An order of 1832 ensured the position of the Guards as the most senior regiment in the Army. The brigade now consisted of two regiments as the existing regiment of Grenadiers was joined by a regiment of Cacciatori Guards.

14 Oct 1848. The Brigade of Guards became three regiments. A second regiment of Guards was raised and thus joined the First Regiment of Grenadiers and the Cacciatori.

20 Apr 1850. A Royal Decree was passed and the Brigade of Guards was disbanded and reformed as the Brigade of Grenadiers. This was formed from the 1st and 2nd Regiments of Grenadiers. The Regiment of Caccatori Guards became an autonomous unit within the Brigade and was renamed the Cacciatori of Sardinia.

19 Mar 1852. The Cacciatori of Sardinia were disbanded. The ten companies of the Cacciatorri were dived five and five respectively between the 1st and 2nd Regiments of Grenadiers. This had the effect of ensuring the inheritance and the traditions of the Cacciatori were continued. As a result the Regiments changed their names to the Grenadiers of Sardinia taking the title of Sardinia from the disbanded regiment. Consequently the name of the Brigade of Grenadiers changed to the Brigade of Sardinian Grenadiers.

11 Mar 1926. At the end of 1926 the Brigade of Infantry, as a result on the basis of a new Army order (itself following on from a law of the 11 Mar 1926, number 396), would be no longer be formed of two regiments but of three. Therefore the structure of the Brigade was adapted by the formation of the 3rd Regiment of Sardinian Grenadiers in Viterbo on the 1 Nov 1926. Moreover, the execution of this law abolished the name of the Brigade of Infantry and therefore the Brigade of Grenadiers was transformed and became the 21st Brigade of Grenadiers consisting of 3 Regiments of Grenadiers. The Brigade of Grenadiers was homogenous with an integrated command structure. The Brigade maintained this form until 1935, the year in which the Brigade became multi arm with the inclusion of the 13th Regiment of Artillery.

08 Feb 1934. The 21st Military Division of Rome, into which the 21st Brigade had been placed, assumed the name the 21st Division. The new organisation was then renamed the 21st Division of Sardinian Grenadiers.

31 Dec 1934. By order of the Ministry of War the 21st Brigade incorporated the 13th Regiment of Field Artillery. The name and the formation remained until the end of 1939 when a new general order from the Army abolished many brigades including the 21st.

Jul 1939. With the abolition of these Brigades the 3rd Regiment of Sardinian Grenadiers left the Grenadiers Division for operations on the Greco Albanian front. Thus the 21st Division remained formed of the 1st and 2nd Regiment of Grenadiers and the 13th Regiment of Field Artillery.

During the Second World War many formations from this Division took part in operations on the Western Front and in the Balkans.

Late 1942. At the end of 1942 the Grenadiers re-entered Rome becoming part of the Armoured Corps (of the Italian Army) and taking charge of the preparation of strong points protecting the main access routes into the capital.

8 – 10 Sep 1942. From the 8 to the 10 Sep 1943 they deployed to the south of Rome – participating in the defence of Rome and distinguishing themselves in this operation. With the proclamation of the Armistice in 1943 the Division was disbanded, after having taken heavy losses in the Defence of Rome, and it was reconstituted in 1948.

1 Jul 1946. Immediately after the end of the Monarchy and the proclamation of the Republic, the first Regiment of Grenadiers was reformed. Successively on the 1 Apr 1948 the Division of Infantry was reformed with, the Sardinian Grenadiers and the 13th Regiment of Field Artillery. The 17th Infantry (Acqui) and the 46th Infantry from Reggio were also reconstituted. During this period the Division of Sardinian Grenadiers assumed a new organic structure like the Pianura Infantry Division and whilst the 1st Regiment of Grenadiers and the 17th Regiment took on a new organic structure and armaments, the 46th Regiment of Infantry came to substitute the regiment of armoured infantry.

1 Nov 1976. On the 1 Nov 1976 the reform programme of the Army and thus the Division, transformed the Mechanised Brigade of Sardinian Guards into a unit which contained mixed arms and services. The reorganisation and restructuring not only affected mechanisation, which had augmented the operational capacity of the Division, but also looked at the internal structure of the Brigade; specifically making regiments more flexible and setting up the structures for battalion autonomy.

1992. The Army directed the reconstruction of the Regiment. 2001. The brigade at that time consisted of: the 1st Regiment of Sardinian Grenadiers, the 8th Regiment (Lancers of Montebello), 33rd Regiment of self propelled field Artillery, the Command and Tactical Support Element.

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